community supported agriculture

It is a partnership between the farmers and the consumers related to the production of food which shares the risk and rewards mutually. These risk and reward are shared by responsibilities taken by both parties.

It is based on the cooperation between the farmer and the consumer. Consumers have to pay for the cost related to the production of food items on weekly, monthly or annual basis. This cost may relate to the purchase of seed, urea and other components related to the production. Farmers have to provide the services related to food production. They get the payment about the production initially from the members. Some members may vary from one community supported agriculture to another.


The concept of community supported agriculture was first introduced by a group of women in Japan. They started the production of imported food items by using this phenomenon. This concept of community supported agriculture is called Teikei in the Japanese term. Then in 1965, this group of women joined the group of the member to work on an annual basis.

This concept at the same time was developed in Europe. The farming revolution took place in the Europe of the development of this idea. Rudolph was the first in Europe who initiated is based on the concept of interdependence of living organisms. He said that all of the living organisms such as plants, animals, and human depend on each other for sustaining the life. So he developed the idea of community supported agriculture in which farmers and consumers depend on each other for the production and consumption of food. This idea then developed in America and Canada.

Types of community supported agriculture

Forms of community supported agriculture are as follows.


In is a form of community supported agriculture, the farmer takes the responsibility to provide the services to produce the food items in return for the payment for the purchase of items related to the production. Farmers take the payment initially for the production before starting the production. Farmers take benefit by getting payment in advance as their income. This is most commonly used the approach in the USA.


In community-led approach, consumers create the enterprise and take the direct responsibility for the production. This farming enterprise is set up by the community and holds by the community. After the production, the community gets the food items and provide the share to the farmers. These farmers may be the volunteers or professional experts.

Producer community partnership

In this for of community supported agriculture, farmers and members work for the mutual benefits and support each other. They work with the close partnership and set up by the mutual concern and cooperation.

Community owned farms

In this form of community supported agriculture, community supports the enterprise by just providing the investment and capital for the production of food. The community does not take responsibility for other trade terms about production.

These forms of community supported agriculture are found in the UK primarily and other countries as well.